What Sets Google Analytics 4 Properties Apart?

Posted 54 days ago by Taner Oksuzsoy

3 Minute(s) to read

Google Analytics 4 moves away from the previous ‘Universal Analytic properties’ and moves towards, what is simply known as, ‘Google Analytics 4 properties’.

GA 4 properties see improvements, as compared to UA properties, to three key areas in measurement, reporting and automation.

  Universal Analytics Properties Google Analytics 4 Properties
Measurement Session-based data model Flexible event-based data model
Reporting Limited cross-device and cross-platforming  Full cross-device a cross-platform reporting
Automation Limited automation Machine learning throughout to improve and simplify insight discovery

Session-based VS Event-based

UA properties used a ‘session-based’ model. This model grouped data into sessions. Sessions being a group of a user's interactions (page views, events, e-commerce transactions etc.) with your website in a given timeframe.

Moving forward GA 4 properties will now utilise an ‘event-based model’. An ‘event-based’ model now collects and stores website or app interactions as events (page views, button clicks, user actions etc.).

Events will collect and send information that more are specific to the action that the user took or add further context to the event or user.

Benefits of this new model include that it's more flexible and scalable whilst being able to perform custom calculations faster with Google’s improved machine learning.

This new and improved model will also consistently collect data across multiple devices and platforms, making collection for data on single users who frequently move devices and platforms easier.

Advanced Features Now Available To All Accounts

The Analysis Tool

The Analysis tool was previously only available to 360 users. Users can now interpret data with greater freedom using the Analysis tool. Users can now employ a variety of techniques, like funnel analysis, path analysis and exploration to uncover insights.

A screenshot on the Analysis tool hub in Google Analytics

BigQuery Export

Users are now able to export Analytics data to BigQuery so that it is easier to securely store data in the cloud, combine it with data from other sources and run queries across all data sets. Or move data to any other system where it can be utilised.

Which Identity Spaces Are Used In GA 4?

User ID

Create your own persistent IDs for signed-in users, you can use this data to accurately measure user journeys across devices. To enable the User-ID feature, you must consistently assign IDs to users and include the IDs along with the data that is sent to Analytics.

Google Signals

Google signals use data from users who are signed in to Google. With Google, signals enabled, Analytics associates event data that it collects from users on your site with the Google Accounts of signed-in users who have consented to share this information.

Device ID

Analytics can also use device ID as an identity space. On websites, the device ID comes from the user's browser. On apps, the device ID comes from app-instance ID. You don't need any further set up in Google Analytics to use device ID.

Before & After

UA properties rely heavily on Device-ID as the primary identifier. When the User-ID feature enabled, data is reported and stored separately from the rest of the collected data and doesn’t integrate with other identifiers.

This makes it difficult to properly measure the user journey across multiple devices and causes issues in regards to duplication.

User data collected through the GA 4 property is processed using all available identity spaces, as opposed to prioritising a single identifier. GA 4 will move through each identifier in order to create a single user journey from all of the data associated with the same identity.

This process makes it easier to de-duplicate users and give a more unified understanding of the user and their relationship with a business. 

To Wrap Things Up

We hope you have found this blog helpful, and as always, if you need any assistance please get in touch to book a call with our Data and Analytics team.

Need to know more? Check out these blogs to learn more about Google Analytics 4!